Lighthouses for Kids – Source Notes


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Notes to Readers
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7


Note to Readers


p. iv–“You might be surprised…” For interpretation of various definitions, see a discussion by Ken Trethewey of the Lighthouse Society of Great Britain, available from http://www.btinternet.com/~k.trethewey/DT_Definition_of_a_lighthouse.htm, accessed January 5, 2007.

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Chapter 1


p. 2–“It was difficult…”: Philmore B. Wass, A Lighthouse In My Life: The Story of a Maine Lightkeeper’s Family (Camden, Maine: Down East Books, 1987), 63.

p. 2–“Feeling like midgets…”: Ibid.

p. 3–“It had been…”: Ibid., 64.

p. 4–“Mother would open…”: Mary F. Sanderlin, “Stories of Lower Penns Neck” (Pennsville, N.J.) Lower Penns Neck Board of Education, 1965), quoted in Jim Gowdy and Kim Ruth, Guiding Lights of the Delaware River & Bay (Egg Harbor City, N.J.: Laureate Press Inc., 1999), 90.

p. 4–“I thought I…”: Harold B. Jennings, A Lighthouse Family (Orleans, Mass.: Lower Cape Publishing Co., 1989), 94.

p. 4–“It was cheaper…”: Norma Engel, Three Beams of Light (San Diego: Tecolote Publications, 1986), 189.

p. 7–“We dreamed of having…”: Betty Byrnes Bacon, “Lighthouse Memories,” compiled by Debra Ann Holmes (Brimley, Mich.: Bay Mills-Brimley Historical Research Society, 1989), 14-15.

p. 8–“an ever-present fear that…”: Wass, Lighthouse In My Life, 24.

pp. 8-9–“Daddy took the scissors…”: John Grant and Ray Jones, Legendary Lighthouses: The Companion to the PBS Television Series (Old Saybrook, Conn.: The Globe Pequot Press, 1988), 85.

p. 10–“Use of the rowboat…”: Engel, Three Beams of Light, 111-112.

p. 10–“clasped its small…”: Rosamond Thaxter, compiler, Sandpiper: The Life & Letters of Celia Thaxter and her home on the Isles of Shoals(;) her family, friends & favorite poems, revised ed. (Francestown, N.H.: Marshall Jones Company Publishers, 1963), 11.

p. 10–“You get in touch…”: Elinor De Wire, Guardians of the Lights: The Men and Women of the U.S. Lighthouse Service (Sarasota, Fla.: Pineapple Press Inc., 1995), 174-175.

p. 10–“Kites became a blessing…”: Glenn Furst, My Point of View (1992), 16.

p. 11–“hated the place”: Wass, Lighthouse In My Life, 236.

p. 11–“prisoner” and “After school-hours…”: Annie Bell Hobbs, “Another Lighthouse Story,” The Nursery: A Monthly Magazine for Youngest Readers XIX (1876): 68.

p. 14–“I don’t think…”: Furst, My Point of View, 5.

p. 15–“more contented with”: “The Keeper’s Library,” The Keeper’s Log, Summer 1995: 21.

p. 16–“School went along…”: Furst, My Point of View, 81.

p. 16–“in the rather bare…”: Mary Ellen Chase, The Story of Lighthouses (New York: W. W. Norton, 1965), 144.

p. 17–“He may have been…” Mazie Freeman Anderson, “Return to Petit Manan Station,” The Keeper’s Log, Summer 1995: 20.

p. 17–“Children of the…”: Bacon, “Lighthouse Memories,” 6.

p. 17–“The president and…” and “It is believed…”: Lighthouse Service Bulletin, September 1928: 255. Emmett DeRusha’s story is recounted in a book by his sister,  Vivian DeRusha Quantz, Foghorns Saved Lives, Too: Lighthouse Living in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula (Skandia, Mich.: Keeper’s Publishing, 1999), 2-3.

p. 18–“He landed at…”: Note from Seamond Ponsart Roberts mentioned in Jeremy D’Entremont’s “75th Anniversary Dinner,” Flying Santa News: December 2004.

p. 18–“was a top event”: Seamond Ponsart Roberts, “Christmas Memories: A Lighthouse Keeper’s Daughter—1940-1957,” Flying Santa News: December 2000.

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Chapter 2


p. 20–“tower of great height” and “wonderful construction”: George R. Putnam, Lighthouses and Lightships of the United States (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1917), 287.

p. 21–“prevent the loss”: Ibid, 1.

p. 22–“with all convenient speed”: Lighthouse Service Bulletin, January 1939: 151.

p. 23–“The power of propelling…” and “cheap and quick conveyance”: Alice Crary Sutcliffe, Robert Fulton and The Clermont (New York: The Century Co., 1909); available from the Hudson River Maritime Museum web site, http://www.ulster.net/~hrmm/diglib/sutcliffe/chapter4-2.html; accessed January 5, 2007.

p. 24–“Shipping was vital…”: Cheryl Shelton-Roberts and Bruce Roberts, Lighthouse Families (Birmingham, Ala.: Crane Hill Publishers, 1997), 44.

pp. 24-25–“has caused great…”: Candace Clifford, Nineteenth-Century Lights: Historic Images of American Lighthouses (Alexandria, Va.: Cypress Communications, 2000), 63.

p. 28–“maintains a lamp…”: Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary (1911; repr., New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1958), 78.

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Chapter 3


p. 39–“a bar of iron…”: “Mitchell’s Screwpile Foundation,” The Keeper’s Log, Summer 1990: 10.

p. 41–“All across the Bay…”: Larry Jerome Ritter, “Wolf’s Trap Lighthouse Takes Name from a Wreck There 264 Years Ago,” Norfolk Virginian-Pilot and The Portsmouth Star, December 4, 1955, quoted in Pat Vojtech, Lighting the Bay: Tales of Chesapeake Lighthouses (Centreville, Md.: Tidewater Publishers, 1996), 53.

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Chapter 4


p. 48–“reel like a…”: Donald Eckels and Robert Fraser, “The First Minots Ledge Lighthouse,” The Keeper’s Log, Fall 1995, 6.

p. 48–“The lighthouse won’t…”: Ibid., 8.

p. 48–“every workman had…” Donald E. Eckels, The Second Minots Ledge Lighthouse,” The Keeper’s Log, Fall 1995, 11.

p. 49–“Roller coming”: Ibid., 12.

p. 49–“We find ourselves…”: Putnam, Lighthouses and Lightships, 76.

p. 51–“Whenever I smell…”: Bella Bathhurst, The Lighthouse Stevensons (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1999), xvii.

p. 53–“Mount Everest of lighthouses”: Grant and Jones, Legendary Lighthouses, 110.

p. 53–“During the last…”: Split Rock Lighthouse: Minnesota Historic Sites Pamphlet Series, No. 15 Revised ed. (St. Paul, Minn.: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1993), 4.

p. 54–“One memorable evening…” Ralph Russell Tinkham, “The Building of Split Rock Light Station, Minnesota,” Minnesota Historical Society Manuscript Collections, P1138-7, page 7.

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Chapter 5


p. 60–“glistened like carefully…”: Engel, Three Beams of Light, 119.

p. 63–“There were sixteen sides…”: Alice Weeks, “Harry Weeks—The Keeper’s Son,” The Keeper’s Log, Winter 2001: 16.

p. 66–“are greatly inferior…,”: Compilation of Public Documents and Extracts from Reports and Papers Relating to Light-Houses, Light-Vessels, and Illuminating Apparatus, and to Beacons, Buoys, and Fog Signals, 1789-1871 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1871), 94.

p. 66–“entirely unfounded”: Ibid., 106.

p. 66–“The Navesink lights…”: Ibid., 754.

p. 67–“Kerosene for the light…”: Wass, Lighthouse In My Life, 33.

p. 67–“Somewhat blinded…”: Ibid..

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Chapter 6


p. 70–“I can depend…”: Edward Rowe Snow, The Lighthouses of New England (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1973), 8.

p. 70–“Lighthouse tore down…”: Ibid., 6.

p. 72–“As the tide…”: Mary Louise Clifford and J. Candace Clifford, Women Who Kept the Lights: An Illustrated History of Female Lighthouse Keepers (Williamsburg, Va.: Cypress Communications, 1993), 25.

p. 72–“Though at times…”: Ibid., 26.

p. 73–“steady and respectable,” “so necessary” and “in the hands…”: Clifford, Nineteenth-Century Lights, 63.

p. 74–“We keepers were setting…”: Robert Thayer Sterling, Lighthouses of the Maine Coast and the Men Who Keep Them (Brattleboro, Vt.: Stephen Daye Press, 1935), 206.

p. 74–“went to the beacon…”: Clifford and Clifford, Women Who Kept the Lights, 66.

p. 74–“broad streak reaching…” U.S. Lighthouse Service Bulletin, October 1914: 134.

p. 74–“One victim was the daughter…” The story of the Chellis children is based on accounts in De Wire’s Guardians of the Light, 116-117.

p. 75–“plenty scared”: Veronica Cady, “Small Before the Sea,” available from the U.S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office web site, http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-cp/cb/April2001/scotchcap.html; accessed January 5, 2007.

p. 75–“There is not…”: Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society, “Whitefish Point Light Station 1849” (Berien Center, Mich.: Penrod/Hiawatha, 1998), 10.

p. 76–“aid wrecked persons…”: Great Lakes Lighthouse Keepers Association, Instructions to Light-Keepers: A photo reproduction of the 1902 Edition of Instructions to Light-Keepers and Masters of Light-House Vessels (Allen Park, Mich.: GLLKA, 1989), 6.

p. 76–“was a most daring…”: DeWire, Guardians of the Light, 199.

p. 76–“shrewd gray eyes” and “as ruddy as…”: “Kept House Nineteen Years on Robbins Reef,” New York Times, March 5, 1906: section 3, page 7.

p. 77–“Then I learned…”: “At Seventy She Keeps the Light of New York’s Inner Harbor,” The Literary Digest, July 13, 1918: 58.

p. 78–“It took the two…”: Vojtech, Lighting the Bay, 99-100.

p. 79–“The old fog signal…”: Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society, “Whitefish Point Light Station 1849,” 7.

p. 79–“For the rest…”: Engel, Three Beams of Light, 146.

p. 80–“You had to…” Laurie Schreiber, “On the Rocks,” Bar Harbor Times, September 14, 2000, available from the College of the Atlantic web site, http://www.coa.edu/html/rockarticle.htm, accessed January 5, 2007.

p. 80–“The devil himself…” Morong’s poem is reprinted many places, including Sterling, Lighthouses of the Maine Coast, 33-34.

p. 81–“I once made…”: Shannon Lowry and Jeff Schultz, Northern Lights: Tales of Alaska’s Lighthouses and Their Keepers (Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1992), 68.

p. 81–“If you were…” Quoted in Susan Sulavik Peters, producer, “Lighthouses of New England” video (Hartford, Conn.: Connecticut Public Television Production, 1988).

p. 82–“any item of interest…”: GLLKA, Instructions to Light-Keepers, 15.

p. 82–“Keeper painted bedroom floor…”: Journal of the Lighthouse Station at Sand Island for the Month of June, 1899, available from the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore web site, http://www.nps.gov/apis/log/sandlog2.htm, accessed January 3, 2007.

p. 82–“I heard the news…”: Mac Frimodig, “The Fort Wilkins Story,” (N.p.: The Fort Wilkins Natural History Association with The Michigan Department of Resources, n.d.), unpaginated.

p. 82–“Independence Day came…” Peter Bosman, Lighthouses & Range Lights of Door County, Wisconsin (Ellison Bay, Wis.: Wm Caxton Ltd., 2000), 58.

p. 83–“The building I loved most…”: Anderson, “Return to Petit Manan Station,” 17.

p. 84–“Many winter days…”: Bacon, “Lighthouse Memories,” 17.

p. 84–“I can remember…”: Jennings, Lighthouse Family, 12 and 14.

p. 84–“Inspections were a nuisance…”: Engel, Three Beams of Light, 243.

p. 84–“He came across…”: Furst, My Point of View, 48.

p. 84–“Somehow when we were…”: Quoted in Susan Sulavik Peters, producer, “Lighthouses of New England” video (Hartford, Conn.: Connecticut Public Television Production, 1988).

p. 86–“Nothing could rouse…”: Elizabeth Whitney Williams, A Child of the Sea; and Life Among the Mormons excerpted in Victoria Brehm, The Women’s Great Lakes Reader (Tustin, Mich.: Ladyslipper Press, 2000), 276.

p. 86–“No matter what…”: Wass, Lighthouse In My Life, 226.

p. 87–“Goodbye, Nellie, ship…”: Willard Flint, “A History of U.S. Lightships,” available from the U.S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office web site, http://www.uscg.mil/history/h_lightships.html, accessed January 5, 2007.

p. 87–“If it weren’t…”: Gustav Kobbe, “Life on the South Shoal Lighthouse,” reprinted from Century Magazine (Silverthorne, Colo.: Vistabooks Publishing, 1993), 35.

p. 87–“a term of…”: Ibid., 36.

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Chapter 7


p. 95–“Hildegarde Swift and her family…”: Hewson Swift, telephone conversation with author, May 15, 2000.

p. 97–“keepers of tomorrow”: This phrase was coined by Dick Moehl, founder of the Great Lakes Lighthouse Keepers Association.

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